Neckar River Germany: origin, mouth, length, tributaries

Learn with waialo.com about an important river that flows through Germany, namely the Neckar river, here you will find: origin, mouth, length, tributaries, towns, facts and more... If you want to study more rivers that flow through Germany we recommend you the following article German Rivers: List of rivers of Germany

The Neckar river is formed in the Black Forest (a mountain range in Germany) and flows mainly through the German state of Baden-Württemberg before discharging into the Rhine.

How long is the Neckar river? The length of the Neckar river is approximately 367 kilometers (228 miles). The source of the Neckar river is in the Schwenninger Moos conservation area in the city of Villingen-Schwenningen in southern Baden-Württemberg. The Neckar river from its source to its confluence with the Rhine passes through important cities like Stuttgart, Heilbronn, Heidelberg and Mannheim. In the Mannheim city the Neckar is discharging into the Rhine.


Neckar River Videos

Youtube Title: Heidelberg - magical city on the Neckar River | Video of the day

Youtube URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWRbAn-2Kn4

Description: A clip about Heidelberg city. In this video you will also see the Neckar river flowing through Germany.


Towns and main tributaries along the river Neckar

In the following lines we will study the Neckar river path from its source to its confluence with the Rhine river. Villingen-Schwenningen a city in southern Baden-Württemberg with over 80,000 inhabitants. In this city is born the Neckar river. The next city from its source is the Rottweil city. A city with approximately 25,000 inhabitants. An interesting fact about the Rottweil city is that the Rottweiler dog is named after this town. From the Rottweil city towards the Tübingen city the Neckar river passes through a number of small towns, like: Oberndorf am Neckar, Sulz am Neckar, Horb am Neckar, Rottenburg am Neckar and Kilchberg. Tübingen is a university town in Baden-Württemberg with over 80,000 inhabitants. In this town, the Ammer river, a main left side tributary drains into the Neckar river. From Tübingen to Stuttgart the Neckar river passes through: Nürtingen, Wendlingen, Wernau, Plochingen and Esslingen am Neckar. Stuttgart is the largest city and the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg. Stuttgart East a inner district of the Stuttgart city is the confluence place between the Nesenbach river and the Neckar river. Remseck is the town where the Rems river drains into the Neckar river. The length of the Rems river is 78 kilometers (48.4 miles). From Remseck to Besigheim the Neckar river passes through: Ludwigsburg, Marbach am Neckar, Benningen am Neckar and Freiberg am Neckar. Besigheim is situated at the confluence of the Neckar and Enz rivers. The Enz river is approximately 112 kilometers (69.5 miles) in length and the most important left tributary of the river Neckar. From Besigheim to Bad Friedrichshall the Neckar river passes through: Lauffen am Neckar, Heilbronn and Neckarsulm. Bad Friedrichshall is a town situated at the confluence of the Kocher river into the Neckar river. The Kocher river is approximately 168 kilometers (104 miles) in length and the second most important right tributary of the river Neckar. Bad Wimpfen is a town situated at the confluence of the Jagst river into the Neckar river. The Jagst river is approximately 189 kilometers (104 miles) in length and the most important tributary of the river Neckar. The Jagst river is a right tributary of the Neckar. From Bad Wimpfen to Mannheim the Neckar river passes through: Mosbach, Eberbach and Heidelberg. Mannheim is an important city in the German state of Baden-Württemberg, with a population of over 290,000 inhabitants. Mannheim is a city situated at the confluence of the Neckar river into the Rhine river.


Interesting facts about the Neckar river

Did you know that there were many plans to build a canal between the Neckar river and the Danube river but none of them were successful.

Did you know that on the Neckar river you will find three main harbors in the cities of: Plochingen, Stuttgart and Heilbronn.


References / Sources:

Neckar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

German Rivers: List of rivers of Germany

This is a special page if you like the geography of the world or if you want to book a German river cruise in the near future, because, here you will learn important geographical information about all the major rivers found in Germany. If you like the geography of the world as much as we do, then you are in the right place, because on our website waialo.com every article we post is completely original and every piece of information we provide is as accurate as it gets, just to make your life easier and the learning environment more simpler, if you disagree or you want just to send your feedback to us, please leave us a message through our Contact Us page.


German Rivers Questions & Answers

Below we have answered some of the most frequently asked questions about German rivers.

What is the longest river found in Germany? The Rhine river is the longest river found in Germany according to the length of the river that crosses the most part of the German territory, this mention is necessary because normally the longest river that crosses through Germany is the Danube river.

How do you say German rivers in the German language? German rivers translated into the German language is Deutsche Flüsse. If you want to say Rivers of Germany, then the correct translation will be: Deutschland Flüsse or Flüsse in Deutschland.

What are the most important German rivers? The most important rivers found on the German territory are Rhine, Weser, Elbe, Oder and Danube. Now, let’s learn some important facts about each of them:


Most Important German Rivers

The Rhine river is formed in the Swiss Alps and has the outflow into the North Sea. The Rhine river flows through six countries and is a part of the border between Germany and France. How do you say Rhine in German? The Rhine river in the German language is called der Rhein.

The Weser river has the outflow into the North Sea and is the only river that forms and drains entirely within Germany. The Weser river is formed by the confluence of the rivers Fulda and Werra.

The Elbe river is formed in the mountains of the northern Czech Republic and drains into the North Sea after crossing the German territory.

The Oder river is formed in the Czech Republic and drains into the Baltic Sea. Part of the border between Germany and Poland is formed by the Oder river.

Last but not least, the Danube river is formed in the Black Forest of Germany passing through ten countries and four capital cities before emptying into the Black Sea, Romania. The Danube river is the second longest river in Europe. How do you say Danube in German? The Danube river in German language is called die Donau.


Major German Rivers

In the following table you will find the names of the top 10 rivers found in Germany according to the length of the river that crosses the most part of the German territory. The list is ordered according to the distance crossed by the river in Germany.

River Name Length in Germany km / mi
Rhine 865 km / 537.4 mi
Elbe 727 km / 451.7 mi
Danube 647 km / 402 mi
Main 527 km / 327 mi
Weser 452 km / 281 mi
Saale 413 km / 256.6 mi
Spree 382 km / 237.3 mi
Ems 371 km / 231 mi
Neckar 367 km / 228 mi
Havel 325 km / 202 mi

Top 10 German Rivers according to the total length

In the following table you will find the names of the top 10 German rivers that are at least partially found on the German territory. The list is ordered according to the total length of the river.

River Name Length km / mi
Danube 2,860 km / 1,777 mi
Rhine 1,230 km / 764 mi
Elbe 1,091 km / 678 mi
Oder 854 km / 531 mi
Moselle 545 km / 339 mi
Main 527 km / 327 mi
Inn 517 km / 321 mi
Weser 452 / 281 mi
Saale 413 / 256.6 mi
Spree 382 / 237.3 mi

German Rivers Videos

Youtube Title: Rhine & Mosel Rivers Cruises 2016 | Germany trip 2016

Youtube URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3r_b9s3Xf0E

Description: A clip in which you will notice just few of the beautiful landscapes and cities found on two of the most important rivers in Germany, namely Rhine and Moselle.


Major rivers by state

Below you will study and learn some facts about the major rivers found in all 16 states of Germany. In this section we will also study important cities in Germany that are build on or near a river.

Rivers of Baden-Württemberg - The most important rivers found in Baden-Württemberg are the Rhine, the Danube and the Neckar. The Rhine river enters Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg and forms a part of the western border with France. Karlsruhe the second-largest city of Baden-Württemberg is near the Rhine on the eastern shore of the river. The Danube river has its origin in the Black Forest, a forested mountain range of Baden-Württemberg. With over 600,000 people Stuttgart is the capital and the most populated city of Baden-Württemberg. On its way to the Rhine, the Neckar river passes through the capital of the state Stuttgart and other two major cities of Baden-Württemberg namely Heilbronn and Heidelberg. The Neckar river drains into the Rhine at Mannheim, the third-largest city of Baden-Württemberg.

Rivers of Bavaria - In Bavaria we will find two major rivers the Main and the Danube. In the state of Bavaria is where the Danube river meets his main German tributaries the Lech, the Isar and the Inn. With over one million people Munich is the capital and the most populated city of Bavaria. The Isar river on its way to the Danube river passes near the city of Munich.

Rivers of Berlin - Berlin the capital and the largest city in Germany with over three million people is situated on the Spree river a left tributary of the river Havel.

Rivers of Brandenburg - Major rivers of the state of Brandenburg are the Elbe, the Oder, the Spree and the Havel.

Rivers of Bremen - The most important river in Bremen is the Weser river. In this commercial and industrial city we will also find a major port on the river Weser.

Rivers of Hamburg - Hamburg the second largest city in Germany with over one million people is located on the river Elbe. In Hamburg is the second largest port in Europe after the Port of Rotterdam.

Rivers of Hesse - Major German rivers found in Hesse are the Rhine and the Main. Frankfurt am Main the largest city in Hesse is located on both sides of the Main river. The Fulda river one of the two head-streams of the Weser is also located in the German state of Hesse.

Rivers of Lower Saxony - The most important rivers found in Lower Saxony are the Ems, the Hunte, the Aller, the Weser and the Elbe.

Rivers of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern - The most important rivers found in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern are the Warnow and the Peene. Rostock the largest city in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is on the Warnow river.

Rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia - The most important rivers found in North Rhine-Westphalia are the Ems and the Rhine. Cologne the largest city and Düsseldorf the capital city of North Rhine-Westphalia are on or near the Rhine river.

Rivers of Rhineland-Palatinate - The most important rivers found in Rhineland-Palatinate are the Moselle and the Rhine. Mainz the capital and the largest city in Rhineland-Palatinate is located on the river Rhine at its confluence with the Main. Ludwigshafen am Rhein and Koblenz are the second and the third largest cities in Rhineland-Palatinate, both cities are located on the Rhine river.

Rivers of Saarland - The Saar river a right tributary of the Moselle is the most important river found in the German state of Saarland. The name of the state was given after the name of the Saar river. Saarbrücken the capital and the largest city in Saarland is located on the Saar river.

Rivers of Saxony - The most important rivers found in Saxony are the Mulde, the Spree, the Elbe and the Neisse. Dresden the capital city and the second-largest city by population of Saxony is located on both banks of the Elbe river.

Rivers of Saxony-Anhalt - The Elbe river with one of its main tributaries the Saale river are the most important rivers in the state of Saxony-Anhalt. Halle the largest city by population in Saxony-Anhalt is located along the river Saale. Magdeburg the capital city of the state of Saxony-Anhalt is situated on the Elbe river.

Rivers of Schleswig-Holstein - The Elbe river is the most important river in the state of Schleswig-Holstein.

Rivers of Thuringia - The Werra, the Unstrut and the Saale are the most important rivers found in the German state of Thuringia.


German Rivers: Crossword Puzzles

Useful for Crossword Puzzles or for people who want to improve their general knowledge. Below you will find a list of rivers with three, four and five letter names, rivers that are at least partially found on the German territory

Rivers that have 3 letter names
Aar Ahr Alf
Alz Aue Elz
Ems Enz Ilm
Ilz Inn Itz
Our Rot Rur
Rivers that have 4 letter names
Alme Bist Blau
Bode Breg Dill
Eder Elbe Elde
Else Erft Fils
Gera Glan Gose
Günz Hase Ihme
Inde Isar Isen
Jade Kyll Lahn
Lech Leda Main
Murg Murr Naab
Nahe Nied Nims
Oder Ohre Ohře
Oker Orla Oste
Paar Rems Rhin
Riss Rott Ruhr
Ryck Saar Salm
Selz Sieg Stör
Sulm Vils Weil
Wied Wurm
Rivers that have 5 letter names
Abens Acher Agger
Aland Aller Ammer
Amper Bever Biber
Biela Bille Blies
Böhme Brenz Chamb
Dahme Eider Fuhse
Fulda Garte Hamme
Haune Havel Hönne
Hunte Iller Jagst
Leibi Leine Lenne
Lesum Lippe Möhne
Mulde Nebel Nidda
Niers Nuthe Örtze
Pader Peene Pfinz
Plane Prims Regen
Rench Rhine Rhume
Ruwer Saale Sauer
Seeve Spree Swalm
Trave Volme Weida
Werra Werre Weser
Wiese Wümme Zaber
Zusam

German Rivers: Name, Length, Origin and Mouth

German rivers list with rivers that are at least partially found on the German territory. In the following list you will find the name, the length (kilometers / miles), the origin and the mouth of the rivers.

River Name Length km / mi Origin / Mouth
Aabach 14.3 km / 8.9 mi Brilon-Madfeld / Afte
Aar 60 km / 37.2 mi Taunus / Lahn
Abens 76 km / 47.2 mi Hallertau / Danube
Acher 53 km / 33 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Agger 64 km / 40 mi Sauerland / Sieg
Ahr 89 km / 55 mi Blankenheim / Rhine
Aland 27 km / 16.7 mi Altmark / Elbe
Alf 59 km / 36.6 mi Eifel / Moselle
Aller 211 km / 131 mi Eggenstedt / Weser
Alme 50 km / 31 mi Sauerland / Lippe
Alsenz 57 km / 35.4 mi Enkenbach-Alsenborn / Nahe
Alster 56 km / 35 mi Henstedt-Ulzburg / Elbe
Altmühl 220 km / 140 mi Middle Franconia / Danube
Alz 63 km / 39 mi Chiemsee / Inn
Ammer 25 km / 16 mi Herrenberg / Neckar
Amper 185 km / 114.9 mi Northern Limestone Alps / Isar
Aue 26 km / 8.9 mi Klethen / Elbe
Berkel 110 km / 68 mi Westphalia / IJssel
Bever 20 km / 12 mi Teutoburg Forest / Ems
Biber 36.8 km / 22.8 mi Unterroth / Danube
Biela 18 km / 11 mi Bohemian Switzerland / Elbe
Bille 65 km / 40 mi Schleswig-Holstein / Elbe
Bist 26.3 km / 16.3 mi Boucheporn / Saar
Black Elster 179 km / 111 mi Upper Lusatia / Elbe
Blau 15 km / 9.3 mi Baden-Württemberg / Danube
Blies 99.5 km / 61.8 mi Saarland / Saar
Bode 169 km / 105 mi Harz / Saale
Böhme 71 km / 44.1 mi Pietzmoor / Aller
Breg 49 km / 30 mi Black Forest / Danube
Brenz 55 km / 34.1 mi Swabian Alb / Danube
Brigach 43 km / 27 mi Black Forest / Danube
Chamb 51 km / 32 mi Plzeň, Czech Rep. / Regen
Chemnitz 75 km / 46.6 mi Zwönitz and Würschnitz / Zwickau Mulde
Dahme 95 km / 59 mi Brandenburg / Spree
Danube 2,860 km / 1,777 mi Black Forest / Danube Delta
Diemel 106 km / 65.8 mi Sauerland / Weser
Dill 55 km / 34 mi Rothaargebirge / Lahn
Dinkel 93 km / 57.7 mi North Rhine-Westphalia / Vechte
Dosse 94 km / 58 mi Brandenburg / Havel
Dreisam 29 km / 18 mi Rotbach and Wagensteinbach / Elz
Düssel 46 km / 28.5 mi Bergisches Land / Rhine
Eder 177 km / 110 mi Ederkopf / Edermünde
Eider 188 km / 117 mi Klaster Teich / North Sea
Elbe 1,091 km / 678 mi Bílé Labe, Czech Rep. / North Sea
Elde 220 km / 140 mi Mecklenburg-Vorpommern / Löcknitz
Else 35.2 km / 21.8 mi North Rhine-Westphalia / Werre
Elz 34 km / 21 mi Odenwald / Neckar
Elzbach 59 km / 36.6 mi Eifel / Moselle
Ems 371 km / 231 mi Schloß Holte-Stukenbrock / North Sea
Emscher 84 km / 52.1 mi Ruhr Area / Rhine
Ennepe 42 km / 26 mi Sauerland / Volme
Enz 105 km / 65 mi Poppelbach / Neckar
Erft 103 km / 64 mi Himberg / Rhine
Fils 63 km / 39.1 mi Swabian Alb / Neckar
Franconian Saale 135 km / 83.8 mi Grabfeld / Main
Fränkische Rezat 64 km / 39.7 mi Western Franconia / Rednitz
Freiberger Mulde 124 km / 77 mi Erzgebirge / Mulde
Friedberger Ach 92.48 km / 57.4 mi Penzing-Untermühlhausen / Danube
Fuhse 98 km / 60 mi Lower Saxony / Aller
Fulda 218 km / 135 mi Rhön / Weser
Garte 23 km / 14.2 mi Weißenborn / Leine
Gera 85 km / 52.8 mi Thuringian Forest / Unstrut
Glan 68 km / 42 mi Saarland / Nahe
Gose 7.1 km / 4.4 mi Harz mountains / Abzucht
Große Laaber 85 km / 52.8 mi Lower Bavaria / Danube
Günz 90 km / 55.9 mi Swabia / Danube
Hamme 48 km / 29.8 mi Lange Heide / Lesum
Hase 169.6 km / 105 mi Teutoburg Forest / Ems
Haune 64 km / 39.7 mi Rhön Mountains / Fulda
Havel 325 km / 202 mi Brandenburg / Elbe
Heller 29 km / 18 mi Burbach / Sieg
Hönne 33 km / 21 mi Neuenrade / Ruhr
Hörsel 56 km / 34.7 mi Thuringian Forest / Werra
Hunte 189 km / 117 mi Wiehengebirge / Elsfleth
Ihme 16 km / 10 mi Wennigsen / Leine
Iller 147 km / 91.3 mi Northern Limestone Alps / Danube
Ilm (Bavaria) 82 km / 50.9 mi Upper Bavaria / Abens
Ilm (Thuringia) 129 km / 80 mi Thuringian Forest / Saale
Ilmenau 107 km / 66.4 mi Veerßen / Elbe
Ilz 65 km / 40 mi Bavarian Forest / Danube
Inde 54 km / 34 mi High Fens, Belgium / Rur
Inn 517 km / 321 mi Swiss Alps / Danube
Innerste 95 km / 59 mi Harz / Leine
Isar 295 km / 183 mi Eiskarlspitze, Austria / Danube
Isen 76 km / 47.2 mi Maitenbeth / Inn
Itz 80 km / 50 mi Thuringian Forest / Main
Jade 22 km / 13.6 mi Oldenburg / North Sea
Jagst 189 km / 117.4 mi Swabian Alb / Neckar
Jeetzel 73 km / 45 mi Altmark / Elbe
Kammel 57 km / 35.4 mi Unterallgäu / Mindel
Kander 22 km / 14 mi Hochblauen / Rhine
Kinzig (Main) 82 km / 50.9 mi Spessart / Main
Kinzig (Rhine) 95 km / 59 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Kocher 168 km / 104.3 mi Swabian Alb / Neckar
Kyll 142 km / 88.2 mi High Fens, Belgium / Moselle
Lahn 245.6 km / 152.6 mi Netphen / Rhine
Lauchert 56 km / 34.7 mi Swabian Alb / Danube
Lauter 55 km / 34 mi Palatine Forest / Rhine
Lech 264 km / 164 mi Northern Limestone Alps / Danube
Leda 75 km / 46.6 mi Spahnharrenstätte / Ems
Leibi 21.9 km / 13.6 mi Weißenhorn / Danube
Leine 281 km / 174.6 mi Eichsfeld / Aller
Lenne 128 km / 79.5 mi Sauerland / Ruhr
Lesum 10 km / 6 mi Wümme and Hamme / Weser
Lieser 74 km / 45.9 mi Eifel / Moselle
Lippe 255 km / 158.4 mi Eastern Westphalia / Rhine
Löcknitz 66 km / 41 mi Ziegendorf / Elbe
Loisach 114 km / 70.8 mi Northern Limestone Alps / Isar
Lusatian Neisse 252 km / 156.5 mi Liberec, Czech Rep. / Oder
Lutter (Leine) 8.1 km / 5 mi Göttingen Forest / Leine
Main 527 km / 327 mi Upper Franconia / Rhine
Mandau 40.9 km / 25.4 mi Wolf Mountain, Cz / Lusatian Neisse
Mindel 77.93 km / 48.4 mi Mindelmühle / Danube
Möhne 65 km / 40.3 mi Sauerland / Ruhr
Moselle 545 km / 339 mi Vosges mountains, France / Rhine
Mulde 124 km / 77 mi Zwickauer and Freiberger / Elbe
Münstersche Aa 30 km / 18.6 mi Havixbeck / Ems
Murg 79.2 km / 49 mi Murgursprung / Rhine
Murr 54 km / 33.5 mi Swabia / Neckar
Naab 165 km / 103 mi Fichtelgebirge / Danube
Nahe 125 km / 77.7 mi Hunsrück / Rhine
Nebel 60 km / 37.2 mi Mecklenburg / Warnow
Neckar 367 km / 228 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Neetze 53 km / 32.9 mi Göhrde State Forest / Ilmenau
Nette (Innerste) 43 km / 26.7 mi Herrhausen am Harz / Innerste
Nette (Niers) 28 km / 17.3 mi North Rhine-Westphalia / Niers
Nette (Rhine) 59 km / 36.7 mi Eifel / Rhine
Nidda 98 km / 60.8 mi Vogelsberg / Main
Nied 114 km / 71 mi Lorraine / Saar
Niers 116 km / 72 mi Lower Rhine / Maas
Nims 59 km / 36.6 mi Eifel / Prüm
Nister 64 km / 39.7 mi Westerwald / Sieg
Nuthe 65 km / 40 mi Fläming / Havel
Oder 854 km / 531 mi Olomouc, Cz / Szczecin Lagoon
Oder (Harz) 56 km / 34.7 mi Harz Mountains / Rhume
Ohm 59 km / 36.6 mi Vogelsberg Mountains / Lahn
Ohre 103 km / 64 mi Lower Saxony / Elbe
Ohře 316 km / 196.3 mi Fichtelgebirge / Elbe
Oker 105 km / 65 mi Harz Mountains / Aller
Orla 35 km / 50 mi Triptis / Saale
Örtze 62 km / 38.5 mi Große Heide / Aller
Oste 153 km / 95 mi Lower Saxony / Elbe
Oude IJssel 80 km / 50 mi Westphalia / IJssel
Our 78 km / 48 mi High Fens, Belgium / Wallendorf
Paar 134 km / 83.2 mi Upper Bavaria / Danube
Pader 4 km / 2.4 mi Paderborn / Lippe
Parthe 60 km / 37.2 mi Saxony / White Elster
Peene 143 km / 89 mi Mecklenburg-Vorpommern / Peenestrom
Pegnitz 115 km / 71 mi Franconia / Regnitz
Pfinz 60 km / 37.2 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Plane 57 km / 35.4 mi Brandenburg / Havel
Pleiße 90 km / 55.9 mi Ebersbrunn / White Elster
Prims 91 km / 56.5 mi Hunsrück / Saar
Prüm 95 km / 59 mi Schneifel / Sauer
Queich 52 km / 32 mi Palatinate Forest / Rhine
Recknitz 72 km / 44.7 mi Mecklenburg / Baltic Sea
Red Main 55.1 km / 34.2 mi Lindenhardt Forest / Main
Red Weißeritz 36.5 km / 22.6 mi Eastern Ore Mountains / Weißeritz
Rednitz 46 km / 28.5 mi Georgensgmünd / Regnitz
Regen 169 km / 105 mi Bohemian Forest / Danube
Regnitz 58 km / 36 mi Rednitz and Pegnitz / Main
Rems 78 km / 48.4 mi Essingen / Neckar
Rench 59 km / 36.6 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Rhin 125 km / 77.6 mi Brandenburg / Havel
Rhine 1,230 km / 764 mi Swiss Alps, Switzerland / North Sea
Rhume 48 km / 29.8 mi Rhumspringe / Leine
Riss 50 km / 31 mi Upper Swabia / Danube
Rot 54 km / 33.5 mi Rot an der Rot / Danube
Rott 109 km / 67.7 mi Wurmsham / Inn
Ruhr 217 km / 134.8 mi Sauerland / Rhine
Rur 170 km / 110 mi High Fens, Belgium / Meuse
Ruwer 46 km / 29 mi Hunsrück / Moselle
Ryck 28 km / 17.3 mi Süderholz / Baltic Sea
Saalach 103 km / 64 mi Kitzbühel Alps, Austria / Salzach
Saale 413 km / 256.6 mi Großer Waldstein / Elbe
Saar 246 km / 152.8 mi Vosges mountains, France / Moselle
Salm 63 km / 39.1 mi Eifel / Moselle
Salzach 225 km / 140 mi Kitzbühel Alps, Austria / Inn
Sauer 173 km / 107.4 mi Ardennes, Belgium / Moselle
Sauer (Rhine) 70 km / 43 mi Palatinate Forest / Rhine
Scheppau 10 km / 6.2 mi Elm / Schunter
Schmutter 76 km / 47.2 mi Swabia / Danube
Schunter 57 km / 35 mi Elm hills / Oker
Schutter 55 km / 34.1 mi Black Forest / Kinzig
Schwalm 97 km / 60 mi Vogelsberg Mountains / Eder
Schwarza 53 km / 32.9 mi Thuringian Forest / Saale
Schwarzbach 50 km / 31 mi Palatinate Forest / Blies
Schwarze Laber 76 km / 47.2 mi Bavarian Jura / Danube
Schwentine 62 km / 38.5 mi Bungsberg / Kiel Fjord
Seeve 40 km / 25 mi Lüneburg Heath / Elbe
Selbitz 36.6 km / 22.7 mi Wüstenselbitz / Saale
Selz 63 km / 39 mi Donnersbergkreis / Rhine
Sieg 153 km / 95 mi Siegerland / Rhine
Spree 400 km / 250 mi Upper Lusatia / Havel
Sprotte 25 km / 15.5 mi Crimmitschau / Pleiße
Stepenitz 84 km / 52.1 mi Brandenburg / Elbe
Stör 87 km / 54 mi Schleswig-Holstein / Elbe
Sulm 25 km / 16 mi Löwenstein / Neckar
Swalm 46 km / 28.5 mi North Rhine-Westphalia / Meuse
Swist 43.6 km / 26.7 mi Eifel / Erft
Tanger 33 km / 20.5 mi Saxony-Anhalt / Elbe
Tauber 130.6 km / 81.1 mi Weikersholz / Main
Tollense 68 km / 42.2 mi Mecklenburg-Vorpommern / Peene
Trave 124 km / 77 mi Schleswig-Holstein / Baltic Sea
Treene 73 km / 45.3 mi Angeln / Eider
Uecker 102 km / 63.3 mi Uckermark / Szczecin Lagoon
Ulster 56 km / 34.7 mi Rhön Mountains / Werra
Unstrut 192 km / 119 mi Thuringia / Saale
Vechte 167 km / 103.7 mi Westphalia / Zwarte Water
Vils (Danube) 62.6 km / 38.8 mi Gerzen / Danube
Vils (Lech) 30 km / 18.6 mi Allgäu Alps / Lech
Vils (Naab) 87 km / 54 mi Upper Palatinate / Naab
Volme 50 km / 31 mi Ruhr Area / Ruhr
Wakenitz 14.5 km / 9 mi Ratzeburger See / Trave
Warnow 155.4 km / 96.3 mi Grebbin / Baltic Sea
Weida 57 km / 35.6 mi near Pausa / White Elster
Weil 50 km / 31 mi Taunus / Lahn
Weißeritz 12 km / 7.4 mi Freital / Elbe
Werra 299.6 km / 186.1 mi near Eisfeld / Weser
Werre 71.9 km / 44.6 mi Eggegebirge / Weser
Wertach 151 km / 93.8 mi Northern Limestone Alps / Lech
Wesenitz 83 km / 51.5 mi Lausitzer Bergland / Elbe
Weser 452 km / 281 mi Hann. Münden / North Sea
Westfälische Aa 8.4 km / 5.2 mi Bielefeld-Milse / Werre
Wetter 68.8 km / 42.7 mi Vogelsberg / Nidda
White Elster 257 km / 160 mi Western Czech Rep. / Saale
White Main 45.33 km / 28.1 mi Fichtelgebirge / Main
Wied 102 km / 63.3 mi Westerwald / Rhine
Wiese 55 km / 34.1 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Wild Weißeritz 52.5 km / 32.6 mi Ore Mountains / Weißeritz
Wipper (Saale) 85 km / 52.8 mi Harz / Saale
Wipper (Unstrut) 95 km / 59 mi Eichsfeld / Unstrut
Wisper 30 km / 18.6 mi Taunus / Rhine
Wörnitz 132 km / 82 mi Middle Franconia / Danube
Wümme 118 km / 73.3 mi Lüneburg Heath / Lesum
Wupper 113 km / 70.2 mi Sauerland / Rhine
Wurm 53 km / 32.9 mi North Rhine-Westphalia / Rur
Wutach 90 km / 55.9 mi Black Forest / Rhine
Zaber 22 km / 13.6 mi near Zaberfeld / Neckar
Zeegenbach 15 km / 9.3 mi Zeegendorf / Regnitz
Zschopau 128 km / 79.5 mi Ore Mountains / Freiberger Mulde
Zusam 60 km / 37.2 mi Unterallgäu / Danube
Zwickau Mulde 166 km / 103.1 mi Erzgebirge / Mulde

References / Sources:

List of rivers of Germany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Atoms: definition, origin, history, structure, facts

A science lesson about atoms provided by waialo.com, here you will find: definition, origin, synonyms, antonyms, history, structure, properties (mass; shape; size), the current state, educational videos and more...


Definition of atom

What is an atom? An atom is the smallest distinct unit of an element that has the properties of a chemical element and can take part in a chemical reaction. An atom is composed of a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus. Atoms are invisible to the naked eye. Atoms are the building blocks of molecules.


Atoms: Educational Videos

Youtube Title: What is an Atom -Basics for Kids

Youtube URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1RMV5qhwyE

Description: An educational video specially created for kids, if you want to study more thoroughly about atoms, please navigate further.


Origin and synonyms of the word "atom"

According to almost all etymological dictionaries found nowadays, the word "atom" appeared in the late 15th century with the meaning of a hypothetical indivisible body that is also the building block of the universe, "atom" comes from the Latin word "atomus" (indivisible particle) and from the Greek word "atomos" (meaning: uncut; indivisible).

Synonyms used in physics and chemistry: elementary particle, chemical element or fundamental particle.

Synonyms with nontechnical usage: bit, jot, dot, grain, iota, speck, particle, material, a tiny piece of anything.

Antonyms with nontechnical usage: lot or whole.


A short history of atomic theory

The concept that matter is made up of something smaller dates back to ancient times, when philosophers of the 4th century BCE theorized that nature consists of two fundamental principles: atom and void. However, these ideas were unproven, because they couldn't show any evidence at that time.

It was not until the year 1808 when the first evidence-based theory appeared and the idea that atoms exist was embraced and refined by scientists from all over the world. The British chemist John Dalton was the first scientist who made a scientific discovery related to atoms and also the first evidence-based theory which he called it the law of multiple proportions in his first volume of his "New System of Chemical Philosophy" published in the year 1808.

Between the years 1827 and 1908, scientists such as Robert Brown, Albert Einstein and Jean Perrin, through analysis and experiments, have provided additional validation for Dalton's atomic theory.

The first subatomic particle to be discovered was the electron by J. J. Thomson through his work on cathode rays, in the year 1897.

The nucleus was discovered by Ernest Rutherford, a former student of J. J. Thomson, through Geiger–Marsden experiment, in the year 1909. The experiment conducted in 1919 by Ernest Rutherford made him the first person to deliberately transmute one element into another and also the discoverer of the proton which he later named.

Ernest Rutherford in the year 1920 theorized about the existence of a new subatomic particle called the neutron, but the discovery of the neutron which has about the same mass as the proton and no net electric charge was made 12 years later by another physicist by the name of James Chadwick.

In the 1950s, with the development of particle accelerators and particle detectors scientists discovered that neutrons and protons are composed of even smaller particles called quarks.


Structure of the atom

The structure of an atom can be simply described as a nucleus and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus. Because, in the past decades scientists have discovered that atoms are more than just a nucleus and one or more electrons, the more detailed description gets really complicated. Further we will analyze more thoroughly the structure of the atom.

For a better understanding of the structure of the atom, we tried to make a list of facts which can be more easily remembered:
- The nucleus of an atom is formed by protons and neutrons, they are also called nucleons.
- Protons have a positive electrical charge and a free mass of 1.6726×10−27 kg (1,836 times the mass of the electron).
- The number of protons is called atomic number and is equal to the number of electrons (non-ionized atom).
- Neutrons have no electrical charge and a free mass of 1.6929×10−27 kg (1,839 times the mass of the electron).
- Not all atoms of a particular chemical element are exactly the same, even if they aren't chemically or physically changed, they may have a number of natural variations of the neutron number in the nucleus, this type of atoms are called isotopes.
- Electrons, protons and neutrons are fermions, because they obey the Pauli exclusion principle.
- The protons and neutrons are subatomic composite particles, because they are composed of elementary particles called quarks.
- Between the constituent particles of an atom, electrons are truly elementary particles with no internal structure.
- Electrons have a negative electrical charge and a mass of 9.11×10−31 kg.
- Electrons have the properties of both a particle and a wave, just like any other particles.
- If an atom has more or fewer electrons than its atomic number, then it becomes respectively negatively or positively charged. This type of atoms are called ions and they are created via ionization (by either chemical or physical means).
- Electrons keep moving in shells outside the nucleus, each shell consists of one or more sub-shells, and each sub-shell consists of one or more atomic orbitals. A shell contains a fixed number of electrons. The outermost shell of an atom, is called the valence shell.
- The electrons that travel farthest from the nucleus determine how an atom reacts chemically.


Properties: mass, shape and size

The atomic mass (ma) is commonly expressed in unified atomic mass units (u), 1 unified atomic mass unit is defined as 1/12 of the mass of a single carbon-12 atom. Because, nucleons account for almost all of the mass, the atomic mass (u) has nearly the same value as the mass number (A).

Atoms lack a well-defined outer boundary. The smallest atom is helium with a radius of 32 pm, while one of the largest is cesium at 225 pm.


Origin and the current state

Origin: The first nuclei were formed about three minutes after the Big Bang, through the process called Big Bang nucleosynthesis. The current state: Atoms form about 4.9% of the total mass–energy content of the universe and 10% of the total mass–energy content of the Milky Way galaxy (the rest of the mass–energy content is dark matter and dark energy).


Atom: Questions & Answers

Below we have answered some of the most frequently asked questions about atoms.

How do people really know that atoms exist? Can we see atoms? Scientists use a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to see and manipulate individual atoms. This instrument for imaging surfaces at the atomic level has amazing resolution (0.1 nm lateral resolution and 0.01 nm depth resolution). The scanning tunneling microscope is based on the concept of quantum tunneling.


References / Sources:

Atom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Atomic theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Atomism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Law of multiple proportions - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Atom | Define Atom at Dictionary.com
Synonyms for atom | Synonym.com
Atom Synonyms, Atom Antonyms | Thesaurus.com

Largest Land Animal on Earth

In this article made by waialo.com you will learn about the largest land animal on earth, if you want to know what is the largest animal who ever lived on earth, we recommend you the following article Largest Animal in the World

What is the biggest land animal in the world? The largest and heaviest land animal on earth is the African bush elephant. This extraordinary mammal can reach a height of 4 meters (13 feet) and a weight of 7 tonnes (15,000 pounds).


The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana)

On average, an African bush elephant male is 3 meters (10 feet) tall and weighs 5.5 tonnes (12,130 pounds). Generally, the African bush elephant males are larger than the African bush elephant females. The African bush elephant consumes around 225 kilograms (500 pounds) of vegetable matter daily and over 190 liters (50 U.S. gal) of water. By comparison, the African bush elephant has larger ears and bigger tusks than any other elephant species. Like any other elephant the trunk is used for communication and handling objects and food. The African bush elephant has the longest gestation among mammals, the gestation period is around 22 months. An African bush elephant calf at birth weighs more than 100 kilograms (220 pounds). Calves fed on the mother’s milk until the age of five, but only for the first six months they drink the mother’s milk without eating solid food. The African bush elephants are very social animals that usually live in herds (especially the females) found scattered on grasslands across Eastern and Central Africa.


The African Bush Elephant Videos

Youtube Title: Elephant close encounter: Toro Yaka Bush Lodge South Africa

Youtube URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z0HJRww0dp4

Description: In the above video you can see a positive interaction between humans and a wild animal, the wild animal in question is the African bush elephant.


The African Bush Elephant Facts

If you have a question or you think we have omitted some important details about African bush elephants, please contact us through our Contact page. Below you will find a list made by us with the most important facts about African bush elephants:

– the largest and heaviest living land animal in the world / 7 tonnes (15,000 pounds)
– the second tallest animal on Earth that lives on land / 4 meters (13 feet)
– males are larger than females
– the longest gestation among mammals (22 months)
– average life span is 70 to 80 years
– the largest brain of any land animal
– they are among the world's most intelligent animal species
– very social animals with a wide variety of behaviors, such as: grief, learning, use of tools, compassion, cooperation, self-awareness, memory, and language.


The African Bush Elephant: Questions & Answers

Further, we will answer some of the most frequently asked questions about African bush elephants. If you have a curiosity, send us your question through the Contact page.

Do African bush elephants have predators? Due to its great size an African bush elephant has no natural predators, but the calves are vulnerable to lion, crocodile and hyena attacks. People are the biggest threat to African bush elephants even if hunting is illegal.

The African bush elephant is not the same as the African elephant? The African elephant consists of two species of elephants: the African bush elephant (also called savanna elephants) and the African forest elephant (also called forest elephants).


Largest Land Animal: Questions & Answers

Next, we thought to answer some of the most frequently asked questions about the largest land animal.

What’s the largest living land carnivore? The largest living land carnivore is the polar bear, the heaviest wild polar bear had a recorded weight of 1,002 kilograms (2,209 pounds).


References / Sources:

Elephant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
African elephant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
African bush elephant - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Largest Animal in the World

In this article provided by waialo.com you will learn about the largest animal in the world and also about some other big animals, if you want to know what is the largest land animal in the world, we recommend you the following article Largest Land Animal on Earth

What is the biggest animal in the world? If you want to know what is the largest animal alive today or the largest animal who ever lived on earth, you need to know that the animal in question is one and the same, because, the largest animal nowadays is also the largest animal to have ever existed, namely the blue whale.


The Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus)

The blue whale is the largest marine mammal and the heaviest known animal to have ever existed, much larger than the largest dinosaur. The blue whale average mass is 110 tonnes (242,500 pounds) and the average total length is 24 meters (78 feet), even so, is 2-3 times larger than the heaviest Sauropod (Dinosaur) known from a complete skeleton. The heaviest blue whale was a female caught in the Southern Ocean on 20 March 1947, the whale had a recorded weight of 190 tonnes (418,878 pounds) and 27 meters (90 feet) in length. Generally, blue whale females are larger than blue whale males. The longest blue whale recorded was 33.58 meters (110 feet) in length, this is the record length for a mammal, but not for all the animals found on Earth, because, the longest animal found on earth is the bootlace worm, a record-breaking bootlace worm specimen was found to measure over 55 meters (180 feet) long. A blue whale has literally the biggest heart found on Earth, the blue whale heart can weigh around 680 kilograms (1,500 pounds) and is almost as large as a small car. Blue whales make the loudest sounds in the animal kingdom (almost 190 decibels), this low-frequency sounds (between 10 and 40 Hz) last less than thirty seconds and can be heard from hundreds of kilometers away. This magnificent and record-breaking animal species feed almost exclusively on krill, and because, blue whales have no teeth and use baleen plates for filtering food from water, they belong to the suborder of baleen whales, also called Mysticeti. Blue whales look truly blue underwater, but in reality the skin is blue-gray colored. Blue whales have a long streamlined body with a U-shaped flat head, long and thin flippers and small tail flukes.

A blue whale calf at birth is already among the planet's largest creatures with an estimated weight of 2-3 tonnes (4,400-6,600 pounds) and 7 meters (23 feet) long. A calf gains between 90 kilograms (200 pounds) and 110 kilograms (240 pounds) every day for its first year, the first six months calves drink only the mother's milk. Nowadays, with over 8000 blue whales swimming the world's oceans, they are declared an endangered species, the largest concentration of blue whales in the world feed along the California coast. Even though the global blue whale population is increasing the best chance to see a blue whale up close is to book a whale-watching cruise in the Gulf of Maine or in other areas of the world where blue whales have been frequently seen. Between March and September every year, more whales have been observed close to shore, in Southern California.


Blue Whale Videos

Youtube Title: Amazing Blue Whale - the Biggest Whale in the World!

Youtube URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9pjI2XkmoL0

Description: In the above video you can see a blue whale swimming close to the surface of the water, just before it dives down into the deep blue.


Blue Whale Facts

If you have a question or you think we have omitted some important details about blue whales, please contact us through our Contact page. Below you will find a list made by us with the most important facts about blue whales:

- the heaviest known animal to have ever existed / 190 tonnes (418,878 pounds)
- the longest mammal alive / 33.58 meters (110 feet)
- females are larger than males
- the largest heart on Earth / 680 kilograms (1,500 pounds)
- the loudest sound in the animal kingdom (almost 190 decibels)
- blue whales have no teeth, they use baleen plates
- average life span is 80 to 90 years
- can reach speeds of 50 km/h (31 mph), typical traveling speed is 20 km/h (12 mph)
- the spray from its blowhole can reach nearly 9 meters (30 feet) into the air
- spend summers feeding in polar waters and winters in the Equator
- undertake lengthy migrations and are the Earth's largest migrant.


Blue Whale: Questions & Answers

Further, we will answer some of the most frequently asked questions about blue whales. If you have a curiosity, send us your question through the Contact page.

Do blue whales eat people? Blue whales do not eat people, despite their large size they couldn't eat a person even if they tried to. The lack of teeth and the small neck are some of the factors. If a human is caught in a blue whale's mouth, the person can be seriously injured or even crushed. Blue whales eat small food such as fish, krill and various crustaceans.

Do blue whales have predators? Blue whales are too much of a fight for any marine mammal and they do not have any known natural predators, but in the recent years people have recorded some sharks and killer whales (Orca) attempting to attack blue whales and in rare cases even succeeding. People are the biggest threat to blue whales even if whale hunting is banned. Some major human threats to blue whales are: collisions with boats, fishing nets, noise pollution, waste pollution and several other things.


Largest Animals: Questions & Answers

Next, we thought to answer some of the most frequently asked questions about the largest animals.

What are the Top 10 Largest Animals on Earth? The top 10 largest animals on Earth are all aquatic marine mammals (Cetacea) or better said whales. Below you will find a table with the heaviest living animals in the world:

Animal Average mass Maximum mass
Blue whale 110 tonnes 190 tonnes
North Pacific right whale 60 tonnes 120 tonnes
Fin whale 57 tonnes 120 tonnes
Bowhead whale 54 tonnes 120 tonnes
Southern right whale 58 tonnes 110 tonnes
North Atlantic right whale 54 tonnes 110 tonnes
Sperm whale 31 tonnes 57 tonnes
Humpback whale 29 tonnes 48 tonnes
Sei whale 22 tonnes 45 tonnes
Gray whale 19 tonnes 45 tonnes

What's the tallest animal in the world? The tallest living terrestrial animal in the world is the giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis). A fully grown male giraffe when standing is almost 6 meters (20 feet) tall. Giraffe males are taller and larger than giraffe females. With a maximum recorded weight of 1,930 kilograms (4,250 pounds) the giraffe is also the largest ruminant.

What's the tallest animal ever? The tallest animal ever found is also the tallest known dinosaur, namely Sauroposeidon. Until now, Sauroposeidon has been the tallest dinosaur ever discovered. Sauroposeidon was probably 18 meters (59 feet) tall, unfortunately, completely accurate estimates cannot be given, because this sauropod specimen is not known from a complete skeleton.


References / Sources:

Blue whale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Baleen whale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Largest organisms - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Giraffe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sauroposeidon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Marine Mammal Center : Blue Whale
Blue Whale - National Geographic
Largest mammal | Guinness World Records
Largest migrant | Guinness World Records
Largest heart | Guinness World Records